For various reasons, some individuals suddenly lose their ability to see and experience blindness. Why does this happen? Gathering comprehensive information about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of blindness will help you better understand this condition. Through this, you’ll learn how to prevent and effectively treat it.
Causes of Blindness
There are numerous factors that contribute to the condition of blindness. Below are some of the most common causes:
Eye injuries, burns to the eyes, corneal ulcers, acute conjunctivitis.
Acute angle-closure glaucoma, vitreous hemorrhage, central retinal artery occlusion, central retinal vein occlusion.
Conditions such as detached retina, acute optic neuritis, and cataracts.
Temporary causes of blindness include blocked blood vessels due to blood clots or plaque buildup, as well as constricted blood vessels.
Symptoms of BlindnessIf your eyes are experiencing the following issues and signs, it’s advisable to seek medical attention as soon as possible:
Loss of visual acuity, a feeling of shadows or curtains falling over the eyes, weak eye muscles, headaches, dizziness.
The early stage of glaucoma may not exhibit clear symptoms, resulting in delayed diagnoses. Common signs include gradual loss of vision, decreased vision in dim light, headaches, a heavy or blurry feeling in the eyes, and watery eyes.
Symptoms of vitreous opacity include blurry vision, sensitivity to light, reduced color perception, poor night vision, and frequent changes in eyeglass prescription.
Diagnosis of Blindness
Blindness will be diagnosed by medical professionals through a structured process, including eye examination, visual acuity testing, fundus examination, ultrasound of the heart, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), and angiography.
Treatment Approaches for Blindness
Treatment methods for blindness vary based on the cause and severity of the condition. They may include:
Oral medications: aspirin or anticoagulants to prevent blood clotting.
It is hoped that the comprehensive information provided in this article has given you a clear overview of the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of blindness. Armed with this knowledge, you can take steps to prevent and address this condition promptly.