Bone calcification refers to the condition where bones become hardened and mineralized. It is a form of bone degeneration that occurs when bones are injured and joints degenerate.
Causes of Bone Calcification
Bone calcification, a type of bone degeneration, is not yet fully understood by experts in the field of bone and joints. However, there are certain factors believed to contribute to bone calcification.
Natural Aging Process: In individuals aged 45 and above, joints are prone to aging, increasing the risk of calcification. As age progresses, the nutrient supply for joint regeneration becomes insufficient, leading to vertebral calcification. Poor dietary habits, such as consuming excessive fatty foods and calcium, can also contribute to vertebral calcification.
Injury: According to joint experts, after an injury, joints tend to naturally heal and mend damages. However, the reparative changes during the healing process can lead to initial vertebral changes and subsequent calcification.
Sedentary Lifestyle: Prolonged sitting and lack of physical activity can lead to compressed and restricted joints, hindering blood circulation and nutrient supply to bone cells. A sedentary lifestyle negatively affects blood circulation, leading to bone calcification.
Calcium Deposition: Patients with vertebral calcification often have an accumulation of excess calcium in their ligaments. The type of calcium commonly deposited in vertebral calcification is calcipyrophosphate. This accumulation over time thickens ligaments and leads to the formation of bone spurs. Incorrect posture, frequent strenuous activities, and exercise performed with incorrect movements can cause injuries around the spine and create conditions for calcium deposition, thus contributing to vertebral calcification.
Symptoms of Bone Calcification are mostly similar to common joint issues, such as:
Joint pain and stiffness
Limited joint mobility
Numbness in hands and feet, especially in the morning
Neck and shoulder pain
Blurry vision, memory decline, and dizziness
Treatment of Bone Calcification
According to specialists in bone and joint medicine, there is currently no definitive method to completely eliminate the root cause of bone calcification. Treatment primarily focuses on pain reduction, improving joint function, and enhancing joint activities.
Physical therapy, exercise, and movement are employed to slow down the progression of bone calcification and relieve associated pain. This includes exercises that stretch muscles and tendons to reduce the impact of calcification.
Pain relief medications like Acetaminophen, Ibuprofen, and Naproxen sodium can be used temporarily. However, their prolonged usage should be avoided to prevent health and gastric issues.
Infrared radiation therapy can help alleviate pain by warming the affected areas. Although this method doesn’t provide long-lasting relief, it can effectively reduce discomfort.
Massage therapy is also a viable option. Massage can significantly reduce pain, especially when using infrared heat therapy to warm the area, improving blood circulation and potentially reducing vertebral calcification in affected individuals.